Friday, May 22, 2020
The International Monetary Fund, is an international organization established in 1945 as part of the United Nation system. Its creation was conceived at Bretton woods, to Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦regulate the rates at which currencies were exchanged among member countries; and it would help ensure international stability by making loans at times of crisis in member countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ balance of payments.Ã¢â¬ Since its creation, the IMF have gain enormous power in the international community, specially influencing the economic policies of third world countries. Currently, the IMF have 35 member countries with advance economy or emerging markets, and approximately 153 countries with developing economies; for a total of 188 member countries. Developing countriesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The paper will argue that during the implementation of the program, the IMF is successful in creating some sort of economic improvement, yet the problems remerge after the program is officially concluded. T he Standard Codes and Principles on which the International Monetary Fund is base, were created by the institution and one of its closer partner, the World Bank. These Standard Codes and Principles are under three groups, Policy Transparency, Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision, and Institutional and Market Infrastructure. The one that was developed by the IMF is policy transparency. Under policy transparency are, fiscal policy, monetary and financial policy transparency, and the standards of data dissemination. Fiscal transparency refers to allowing the public access to information about Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s past, present, and future fiscal activities, and about the structure and functions of government that determine fiscal policies and outcomesÃ¢â¬ . Monetary and financial policy transparency is a way of strengthening the openness of the institution to the public. According to the IMF, the purpose of monetary and financial policy transparency among its members are to accomplish acceptance from the public of their policies and for Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦calls for central banks and financial agenciesShow MoreRelatedInternational Monetary Fund ( Imf )2266 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAims/Purpose International Monetary Fund (IMF) aims to maintain and defeat and sometimes to restrain the financial crises. (BBC, 2012) Basically it was created to avoid another Great Depression with an economical cooperation. It was founded more than 60 years ago at the end of the II World War. (International Monetary Fund, 2015) Mostly the institution has directed to focus the developing world. Nowadays there are few purposes of the IMF such as monetary stability, exchange rate stability, facilitateRead MoreThe International Monetary Fund ( Imf )985 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe International Monetary Fund (IMF) was one of the many international organizations that emerged after the end of World War II. The primary function of the IMF is to promote the international financial stability and spur monetary cooperation. Many countries see the IMF as a Ã¢â¬Å"lender of last resortÃ¢â¬ (Thacker, 1999:38), meaning countries borrow money from the Fund for Ã¢â¬Å"short-term balance of payment supportÃ¢â ¬ (Steinwand and Stone, 2007:11) in order to avert the collapse of their domestic economies.Read MoreThe International Monetary Fund ( Imf )1089 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established in 1946, along with the World Bank. The IMF was developed to promote all monetary cooperation and remedy economic problems incurred during the post - war reconstruction period (Baylis; 2008: 245). The IMF was therefore considered as the Ã¢â¬Å"rule keeperÃ¢â¬ and an important component in public international management. In the pursuit to stabilise the exchange rate system, the IMF reserves the authority to change exchange rates. Another vital role isRead MoreInternational Monetary Fund ( Imf )3071 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesGLOBAL BUSINESS SUSTAINABILITY INTRODUCTION International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization consisting of 188 nations functioning towards global monetary cooperation, ensuring financial stability, minimizing poverty around the world (IMF, 2014). In this report its functions of IMF and its effectiveness have been explained to describe minimizing financial imbalances by the countries. UK has been the main focus in this study. The impact of IMF policies on social and environment in UK and howRead MoreThe International Monetary Fund ( Imf ) Essay2250 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIntroduction: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization created in 1945 to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and to reduce poverty around the world. The IMF is governed and accountable to the 189 countries that make up the global membership of the organization. These goals make up the IMFs formal rules, the informal rules allow more access for powerfulRead MoreThe International Monetary Fund ( Imf )1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesat how incompetent and politically driven economic policy making drove Europe into prolonged recession and high unemployment. The financial crises and fear of a meltdown slowed world economic growth considerably. In October 2010, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) projected 4.6 percent growth for the global economy in 2013; it ended up being just 3 percent. This difference may not seem like much, but in terms of lost output it is more than $800 billion, and it is not only in the rich countriesRead MoreThe Imf ( International Monetary Fund )941 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe IMF (International Monetary Fund), also known as the Fund, was conceived at a UN conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States, in July 1944. The 44 countries at that conference sought to build a framework for economic cooperation to avoid a repetition of the competitive devaluations that had contributed to the Great Depression of the 1930s (https://www.imf.org/external/about.htm). Currently, the organization is headquartered in Washington, D. C. Originally, the IMF was designedRead MoreThe International Monetary Fund ( Imf )1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTHE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (IMF) The IMF was set up during the Second World War in the year 1944. It started operation in 1947 and it has been working with the UNO since. Its headquarters is in Washington D.C in America. IMF provides short term loans to countries having problems of balance of payments. It also provides technical advice to its members and ensures free flow of trade by removing all trade restrictions. It establishes and maintains stable exchange rate between member countriesRead MoreThe International Monetary Fund ( Imf )6431 Words Ã |Ã 26 PagesIntroduction In the statement of the 2015 Article IV Consultation Mission to China, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) concluded that the Chinese economy was transitioning to a safer and higher-quality growth. In particular, the IMF highlighted that China had made good progress in recent years in reducing its large current account surpluses and its huge accumulation of foreign exchange reserves. Although undervaluation of the yuan was a major factor causing the large imbalances in the past, theRead More The International Monetary Fund (IMF) Essay1888 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Monetary Fund (IMF), international economic organization whose purpose is to promote international monetary cooperation to facilitate the expansion of international trade. The IMF operates as a United Nations specialized agency and is a permanent forum for consideration of issues of international payments, in which member nations are encouraged to maintain an orderly pattern of exchange rates and to avoid restrictive exchange practices.
Friday, May 8, 2020
Man of the Moment Despite the academic squabbling that caused some articles to read as petty personal disagreements, Mungo Man remained a present and prominent figure in these texts of public discussion. This is undoubtedly due to his continued personification by both Jim Bowler and journalists. While the articles were primarily concerned with numbers, dates and the radiocarbon methods that achieved them, they did not make the mistake of displacing the narrativeÃ¢â¬â¢s characters from public view. This offers one explanation as to why earlier representations of Mungo Man were not as lasting, and why images of him in the 1990s and early twenty-first century continued to work their way into the public consciousness. While the dates of Mungo ManÃ¢â¬â¢s time depth are important, their meaning remains unsurprisingly untranslatable when it is not tethered to a personified image. This sentiment was reflected in 1991, when Barbara Toner reviewed an ABC documentary Dating the Dreamtime that waded through Australian archaeological material in order to determine the exact date humans Ã¢â¬Å"took up residenceÃ¢â¬ in Australia. Toner describes the program as a Ã¢â¬Å"puzzle which nudged the imaginationÃ¢â¬ by linking various human remains found all over Australia, including Mungo Man. However, the puzzle lost its intrigue when the program led the viewer into Ã¢â¬Å"the realms of numbers and rulersÃ¢â¬ : Toner lamented that Ã¢â¬Å"so much of it was conducted in test tubes, sorting and dating blood samples taken from bones andShow MoreRelatedThe Characters Of Flannery O Connor s A Good Man Is Hard1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Characters of Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man Is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ The Grandmother and the Misfit are OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s major characters in Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ . Even though there are other characters a part of this story, the unnamed grandmother and the Misfit are the round characters as well as the main focus of the story. We are introduced to both characters early on because itÃ¢â¬â¢s coming from the grandmotherÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view and we also discover that The Misfit is an escaped murderer but, we doRead MoreSummary Of A Good Man Is Hard And Find By Flannery O Connor1114 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Man is Hard to Find Theme Essay: Religion ENG1300/ Literature Anthony Copeland December 16, 2014 In the short story, Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ by Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ Connor, the major theme in this story to me is how religion plays such a larger role in some lives more than others. The grandmother, a prime example for this, shows throughout the story that having Ã¢â¬Å"faithÃ¢â¬ isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a saving grace and misplaced faith could possibly get you killed. The major confrontationRead MoreEssay on Apollo 19691352 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1969 Apollo 11 moon landing 1. The purpose of the article Man Takes Fist Steps on the Moon by The Times is to announce to the audience the greatest moment of time, which is the moment when Neil Armstrong became the first man to take a walk on the moonÃ¢â¬â¢s surface. The interaction that the speaker, audience, and subject develop affects the text in a way that it accomplishes the purpose The Times had, and it also makes the text more interesting. The purpose of the following speechRead More Jonothan Edwards Essay1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJonothan Edwards Works Cited Not Included He was considered a genius, quoted as a man of formidable intellect and master of puritan revival. During his time, he was an uncompromising Calvinist and he had the power of single-handedly keeping the Puritan faith strong and alive for almost sixty years by using a sort of influential scare tactic to provoke his audience. His name was Jonathan Edwards and his use of imagery was exquisite. In one of his great sermons Sinners in the Hands of an AngryRead MoreThe Hounds of Fate: Character Analysis of Martin Stoner661 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageshis internal or external life. Letting life happen to him, rather than seizing the moment, hunger, fatigue, and despairing hopelessness had numbed his brain, and he could scarcely summon sufficient energy to wonder what underlying impulse was driving him onward. This is the moment when Stoners fate seems to change, at least for a while. An old man mistakes Martin Stoner for a man named Uncle Tom. Meeting the old man is the first time in The Hounds of Fate in which power and authority shift, changingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Tank Man And David Seymour Of Tereska 1097 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfor historical moments. Moments shown in Tank Man and Tereska Draws Her Home both portray two individuals who symbolize people who have suffered from the acts of the government and or the military. The two photographers, Jeff Widener of Tank Man and David Seymour of Tereska Draws Her Home, take different approaches documenting moments in history, from the Tiananmen Square Incident of 1989 in Tank Man to the Holocaust in Tereska Draws Her Home. Their execution in capturing these moments greatly affectsRead MoreAnalysis Of Raymond Carver s Cathedral 943 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesuneasy feeling of having a blind-man coming to his house to visit. In the beginning the narrator is un-named, we read the story as thoughts within his mind. His actions gives-off a sense of jealousy. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s bothered by the former relationship the blind-man and his wife has had in the past. He is blunt and honest with (us) in telling how he feels about the situation. Ã¢â¬Å"I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t enthusiastic about his visit. He was no one I knew. And his being blind bothered me.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"A blind man in my house was not somethingRead MoreAnalysis Of Machiavelli s The Prince 1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere are three phases to time, the past, the present, and the future, and it is understanding the relationship between these three phases and their collective relationship with mankind that has fueled debates throughout the history of man. Niccolo Machiavelli and Immanuel Kant are political philosophers who have grappled with these very relationships. Machiavelli wrote The Prince over three centuries before the process of Italian unification had b egun. The Italian Peninsula was fragmented andRead MorePhilosophy of Language Essay1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPhilosophy of Language Man initially thought that language afforded him a better knowledge of things rather than merely a designation of things. However, this is based on an exact notion of things, and no exactness exists; identity can only be conceptual, for there is nothing in life that is identical. The mythology of language rests in this search for the exactness of things and the schematization of our world. Language evolved simultaneously with consciousness, for we felt the need toRead MoreThe Presence of God In People Essay1178 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom Him in the midst of their busy day, God shows up -Michael W. Smith (Worship 9). While there are so many signs that the presence of God is in a place, it is sometimes easy to miss becoming intimate with him in that moment. How can a person become intimate with God in that moment? How can a person touch God? How can they usher in His presence in the first place? The answer to all of these questions is found in one place. Worship is the key to opening the floodgates of heaven, getting the attention
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Case 02: How to Analyze That Problem? 1. What Is your decision? I have formulated the following decisions after delightfulness all the relevant facts revealed with the help of the Scheduling Supervisor, Joyce Lane, during the said meeting: * For the succeeding operations, the production department must stick to the steel which contains the old formula of alloy since the one with the new formula of alloy has an effect on the Panther panels, thus, making them burred. The objectives of the company about the welfare of its employees must be cleared to them so that they may be encouraged to work harder and stop from doubting the intentions of the company, thus, learn to trust the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s interests. We will write a custom essay sample on How to Analyze That Problem. or any similar topic only for you Order Now * The issue between Farrell and Valentine must be put to an end to prevent such from leading into a more serious problem. Farrell must be reprimanded for not informing Cogging first about his concerns before suspending Valentine. Also, Valentine must be ordered to come jack to work since there Is no proof about him being accused of drinking on the Job, In the first place. . Who will Implement your decision? The shift to the steel which contains the old formula of alloy and the outsourcing of products will be implemented by Robert Polk as the Production Chief and Ben Peters as the Quality Control Manager together with the men in the lines where Panther panels are being produced. * The gathering of employees and resolution of the conflict involving Farrell and Valentine will be headed by Cogging, the Industrial Relations Manager. 3. What measures will you put in place so that the problem will not recur? The Internal control of the company regarding the purchase of raw materials Is poor. If new materials will be employed In the future, there must be tests or examinations to be performed first to know the changes that may occur as well as materials. * A system of quality control which pertains to policies and procedures to be taken into consideration by each and everyone composing the whole entity must be established and highlighted, especially such policies and procedures which focus on ethical requirements, to prevent future conflicts between them. How to cite How to Analyze That Problem., Papers
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
A book report on The Historical Figure of Jesus by E.P. Sanders. This paper provides a brief review of this book which describes the life of Jesus. We will write a custom essay sample on Jesus the Man or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The author of this paper feels that the point of the book is to show the Jesus was a man who lived a simple life and was human too and not just godlike. The writer shows that the book does not plan to attack Christianity but rather to show that it has humble roots. The Historical Figure of Jesus is an account of the life of Jesus the man. This is in contrast to the life of Jesus as presented by the bible. The author looks at what we really know about Jesus life. The emphasis is not about saying whether he is or is not the son of God, instead it just looks at what historians know about the life of Jesus. The book is in no way an attack on Christianity, it simply accepts that Jesus was a man and attempts to compile his life as a man. At the same time, the book is not a biography of Jesus, it is more a look at what historical information exists and what it shows us about Jesus.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
A Day In The Death of Joe Egg Ã¢â¬â Prompted Essay Free Online Research Papers A Day In The Death of Joe Egg Prompted Essay How does Peter Nichols play Ã¢â¬Å"A day in the death of Joe EggÃ¢â¬ involve its audience in the problems of looking after a handicapped child? A day in the death of Joe Egg is a powerful dramatic novel written upon a husband and wife looking after a special needs child. Throughout the play Peter Nichols the writer uses meaningful devices that emphasises their situation and gives the reader a powerful insight to what its like being in theyÃ¢â¬â¢re in their shoes. Although the play was written in 1967 it still closely resembles some of the harsh issues that parents face today. Many methods are use to by Peter Nichols to give the play a body; he uses features such as fraudin slip, metaphors, similes but by far the most striking method Peter uses is the suspension of disbelief. This striking method is used to hold the reader in suspense until a certain point believing something that is not actually the truth. The play is very open minded to the reader, at some points in the play it is very hard for the reader to actually understand what is going on. Powerful slow motion images of Joe skipping and being fed are used as if she is a perfectly normal child is used to confuse the reader. Peter Nichols also uses a clever device called a Freudian slip. A Fre udian slip is when the author purposely makes a certain character accidentally make a mistake in speech forcing out a word or sentence that should not have been said. It is used to give the reader or some one else in the play a hint on a certain subject that maybe another character should not know. A good example would be to tell a lie to someone then accidentally say something that would make it easy to understand that you were telling a lie. This is a play that I would highly recommend to anyone of all ages, some people may find this dramatic story disturbing and may become upset to see what Joe has to go through or how she is received from other people. Brian is JoeÃ¢â¬â¢s father who plays the part of what some people would say an ignorant grumpy aging man. The play begins with Brian teaching his class at school. Instantly it is easy to pick out BrianÃ¢â¬â¢s character. He gives the impression that he is a very strict man that is hard to take serious at times. Brian even calls on of his pupils a Ã¢â¬ËflasherÃ¢â¬â¢. Sheila is BrianÃ¢â¬â¢s wife that respects the fact of the way Joe is but Brian likes to make little jokes out of it that some people may find funny and others may find harsh. I think this is a great idea because this is a play to attract all kinds of readers and here is a good example of Shelia respecting the fact and Brian making a joke about it. Problems that Bri and Sheila face are a big part of this play. It seems as if Bri becomes so stressed at one point that he tries to murder Joe because of stressful situations in looking after her. The couple come up against problems such as, Bri making jokes about everything Bri feeling as if he cannot compete with SheilaÃ¢â¬â¢s previous boyfriends Not able to have too much quality time together And finally a controversial that maybe Bri is jealous of all the attention that Joe gets. Over all this is a play that will attract anyone of any age, its interesting, disturbing, and partly funny but most of all the play resembles some of the harsh real life situations. This is guaranteed to keep any reader continuing their journey into a day in the death of Joe Egg. Research Papers on A Day In The Death of Joe Egg - Prompted EssayMind TravelHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionComparison: Letter from Birmingham and CritoThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationPersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenThe Masque of the Red Death Room meaningsArguments for Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS)Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows EssayHip-Hop is Art
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Mister and Master Mister and Master Mister and Master By Mark Nichol Yes, mister and master are related, the one originally being a variant of the other. They, and a number of compounds and some associated terms, all derive from the Latin verb magistrare, which means Ã¢â¬Å"subjugate.Ã¢â¬ Master, which entered the English language from the Old French verb maistrier, came to also mean Ã¢â¬Å"learn all about,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"become adept at,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"overcome.Ã¢â¬ (It also applies to creating something from which copies will be made.) The Latin noun magister, meaning Ã¢â¬Å"chiefÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"teacher,Ã¢â¬ led to the use of the word- again, its spelling influenced by the Old French form- to mean Ã¢â¬Å"one in authority.Ã¢â¬ It now pertains to someone who is or was an exemplar of an artistic or scientific field; a ruler, owner, or employer; a victor or one who has control; a male teacher or an expert artisan or worker; one who has earned a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree; or a commander of a merchant vessel or, formerly, a specialist in navigation aboard a naval sailing ship (see Captain vs. Master). It also refers to devices or mechanisms that control others, or to an original from which copies can be made. Finally, it is a title of respect, though little used today. As an adjective, master means Ã¢â¬Å"excellentÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"skilled,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"dominantÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"predominant,Ã¢â¬ or pertains to objects from which others are copied. The adjectives masterful and masterly mean Ã¢â¬Å"indicative of a master,Ã¢â¬ though some writers prefer to make a distinction between them so that the former is reserved for the sense of Ã¢â¬Å"domineering,Ã¢â¬ but in prevailing usage they are interchangeable. The adverbial form of the former is masterfully, and masterly also functions as an adverb. The condition of being a master (in the sense of being in control) is mastery. Compound words in which master is the first element (and in which the wordÃ¢â¬â¢s function is adjectival) include mastermind, meaning Ã¢â¬Å"creative or intellectual organizerÃ¢â¬ (the word, which at times has a criminal connotation, is also used as a verb in all senses); masterpiece and masterwork, which both describe a crowning creative achievement; and masterstroke, which refers to a clever or otherwise impressive effort or performance. Compounds in which master is the second element (and in which the word functions as a noun) are more common; among them are headmaster (Ã¢â¬Å"head teacherÃ¢â¬ ), postmaster (Ã¢â¬Å"head of a post officeÃ¢â¬ ), and taskmaster (Ã¢â¬Å"overbearing bossÃ¢â¬ ). A grandmaster is someone who has achieved the highest level of skill in chess, though in fiction the term also applies to experts in other pursuits, such as martial arts, and as an open compound it pertains to a leadership role in Freemasonry or in a chivalric order. Another compound that has developed additional senses is ringmaster; originally, it referred to the master of ceremonies- abbreviated MC, and emcee is an alternative spelling- who introduces circus performers as they enter the ring. Later, by extension, it acquired the sense of anyone who manages or orchestrates a performance or presentation. Words that retain the middle syllable of the Latin term include magistrate, meaning Ã¢â¬Å"judge,Ã¢â¬ and the adjectival magisterial, which (like its variant, magistral) pertains to the legal context but also has the neutral sense of Ã¢â¬Å"authoritativeÃ¢â¬ and the pejorative connotation of Ã¢â¬Å"overbearing.Ã¢â¬ (The similar-sounding majesty is distantly related, from magnus, meaning Ã¢â¬Å"strong.Ã¢â¬ ) Other words derived from magistrare include maestro, from the Italian word for master, referring to music conductors, directors, or composers, and Ã¢â¬Å"maÃ ®tre dÃ¢â¬â¢,Ã¢â¬ a truncation of maÃ ®tre dÃ¢â¬â¢hÃ ´tel, meaning Ã¢â¬Å"master of the houseÃ¢â¬ and referring to a restaurant host, as well as mistral, which describes a cold Mediterranean wind. Mister developed as a variation on the use of master as a title, and, like the original, which it superseded in popular use as society became more egalitarian, it has faded from use. (Mister has also been used as a term of direct address when a manÃ¢â¬â¢s name is not known to the speaker.) The female equivalent is mistress, which has served as a title of deference, a designation for a governess or teacher, or a euphemism for Ã¢â¬Å"loverÃ¢â¬ ; the dominant sense now is Ã¢â¬Å"female lover of a married man.Ã¢â¬ (Such social titles and their variations and connotations will be detailed in a later post.) Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:7 English Grammar Rules You Should Know75 Idioms and Expressions That Include Ã¢â¬Å"BreakÃ¢â¬ Writing Styles (with Examples)
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Issue14 - Essay Example The major theme of this method was to simply identify the top performers of the company, along with employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s slight developmental needs and the dismissal of underperformers. GE remained successful with the execution of this method; later several companies adopted forced ranking performance, because it gave them the positive outcomes. Two issues were brought into attention regarding this method, in association with Alex Blyth & Gail Johnson. Alex Blyth supported this appraisal method in accordance with Ã¢â¬Ëcull or cureÃ¢â¬â¢. Operating the culling system over the bottom employees, will elaborate morale among the rest of the employees. Culling must be done properly to gain the positive results. Gail Johnson profoundly disagreed with forced ranking performance method. He stated that, it is such a method which will give birth to negative environment within the company employees, in reflection to several perspectives (discrimination & highly competitive environment). Today, approximately 20% of the fortune companies are still adopting the method of forced ranking performance, out of which some gain benefit, some remains at average and some face the possible chances of enduring the case of unfair appraisal system. Jack WelchÃ¢â¬â¢s policy of Ã¢â¬Ërank and yankÃ¢â¬â¢ got popularity among huge organizations with effective results. Giving financial rewards to the top 20% & training the middle 70%, have been satisfactory enough; but straight firing the 10% of the bottom, blasted as the red light agenda among the organizations. Critics argued it to be as undermining the team work within the company. In general, the main motive of the employees should be working as a group for the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s benefits, but the action of firing would enforce the engagement of employees in wasteful playing game situations to get the reward. According to the survey of Sanford professors, Ã¢â¬ËJeffery Pfeffer & Robert SuttonÃ¢â¬ , forced ranking performance encouraged